The AC drain line and the drain pan are located at the bottom of your AC air handler outdoors or wherever it is installed. When you use the AC, the moisture from the air indoors is condensed into the indoor coil of the unit, and then it runs to the drain pan and then into the drain.
The drain pipe of the AC in your home can easily become clogged due to the build-up of dust, pollen, pet hair, and other airborne particles in the air, which will gradually turn into sludge inside the pipe. When left without being cleaned, the AC’s condensate drain line can become completely blocked and lead to leaks, water damage, system damage, and other problems.
A clogged AC drain pipe is not only a nuisance but can also cause severe and expensive repair damage to your AC, HVAC, and your home and furniture.
This is why you should proceed to unclog the draining pipe of your AC as soon as you notice one or more of the telltale signs of a clogged AC drain pipe.
What are the signs that the AC drain pipe is clogged?
Some of the signs which signal that you may be dealing with a clogged AC drain pipe include:
- Water damage and standing water near the indoor unit
- A moldy smell coming from the vents of the indoor unit
- The AC failing to cool the room
- The AC system failing to be powered on
- Leaks in the drain pan
How to unclog AC drain pipe or the drain pan
Apart from calling an HVAC technician to deal with your clogged drain pipe of the AC, there are two efficient DIY unclogging methods that you can try yourself.
In fact, our recommendation is to try both of these methods before calling a technician because they can save you time and money for waiting for and paying for professional help.
With the first method, you can clean the drain pan, and with the second, you can unclog the drain pipe of the AC.
Unclogging the drain pan manually
The drain pan is positioned underneath the indoor coil of the air handler or can be located in a cabinet attached to it. In any case, the pan is under the evaporating coil.
To clean out the drain pan, do the following:
- Turn the AC off before cleaning it
- Remove any water from the drain pan by using a shop vacuum, towel, or other
- Use a suitable tool to scrape off any sludge from the drain pan
- Find the location of the drain hole in the pan
- Clean out the sludge from the hole using a wire brush or other suitable tools, such as a drain snake or another unclogging tool for drains and pipes
- Clean and sanitize the drain pan and drain by pouring a mixture of 1 part bleach and ½ part water in the pan – this will flush out the build-up and prevent future sludge accumulation and clogging
- If you do not want to use bleach, you can sanitize and flush out the pan and drain with a couple of cups of undiluted white vinegar, which is also a more eco-friendly option
- In order to prevent future build-up and clogging, you can add 3-4 condensate pan tablets, which can last for up to a month. To keep the pan and drain free of sludge, add the treatment tablets once a month
Unclogging the draining pipe with the help of a vacuum and a hose
This unclogging method will help you unblock and clean a clogged drain line starting from the drain pan up to its very end.
You can use a shop vacuum on its own or use a vacuum with a hose for the best results.
To clean the AC drain pipe with a vacuum and a hose, follow these steps:
- Turn the AC off
- Find the end of the drain pipe outdoors, which is usually somewhere near the condenser unit
- Secure the vacuum to the end of the condensate line with duct tape to ensure an airtight and durable connection
- In case the vacuum hose has a larger diameter than the draining pipe (which is usually ¾ inches), then you can use a specialized wet vac attachment adapter, available in many online stores, which will allow the vac to fit the condensate drain snuggly
- Remove the paper filter and turn the power of the shop vacuum on for about 3 minutes
- After you are done, remove the vacuum
- Check whether the drain pan is full, and if it is clean it
- Locate the pipe fitting which connects the drain pan with the pipe (this is the vent tee)
- Use a drain snake or a wire brush to clean the vent tee from any sludge
- Put on gloves, and pour a mixture of water and bleach, or undiluted white vinegar into the drain line and let it sit for 20 minutes
- Rinse it out with water through the vent tee
A DIY long-term unclogging solution for the AC drain pipe
In case you like working on DIY projects and are looking for a way to keep your AC drain pipe clean and unclogged, you can proceed with the following drain pipe unclogging DIY project:
- Cut the drain line and add a valve at the furnace or air handler’s side
- Turn the valve to the off position
- With the help of a PVC T, insert a garden hose fitting to it
- Use a ¾ inch to ½ inch adapter for the hose, and screw a ½ inch threaded pipe nipple to the adapter
- Use a cap to close the threaded pipe and the drain line when it is not being cleaned
- Glue the PVC pieces together without gluing the threaded nipple to the hose fitting
- Check whether the valve is at an “off” position
- Remove the cap and nipple from the fitting
- Proceed to attach a garden hose
- Turn the hose on for several minutes
- Turn it off and detach it
- Pour a mixture of bleach and water or white vinegar into the line
- Replace the cap